Know the technology behind your home water filtration system

September 2, 2015 at 7:47 am • Posted in HomeComments Off on Know the technology behind your home water filtration system

Treating drinking water is quite common a practice at every residence, across the globe. This is simply because the water that comes in from tap is often not drinkable as it contains a lot of contaminants and components that are not healthy for human health. Thanks to a lot of research and studies going on about the components of water and their effects on human health, people are now aware why it’s crucial to purify not only drinking water, but also the water that is used for bathing or showering. The effects of industrial run-offs, chlorine and biological contamination not only affect the taste of water adversely, but also contaminate it to a great extent. This is why it’s important to install the right home water filtration system.

The quality of water varies from region to region. Hence, the purification process that is apt for a family may not be right for another. Depending on the quality of the water and the components it contains, you should choose your home water filtration system. If you are wondering what could be the right solution for treating the water at your home, you can consider taking a look at the technology behind these units.

What is Filtration?

This is the basic physical process to purify water. Whenever some gases, liquids and suspended or dissolved matter stick to the pores or to the surface of an absorbent medium, the process of filtration occurs. The volume, size and the charge of the contaminant particle are the factors that determine the process of filtration. There are three broad categories of filtration, as follows:

  • Ultra-filtration – Devices that use ultra-filtration technology have pore size of 0.01 micron, on an average. These types of devices help remove different particles, based on their charge, size and weight. This technology is known to be extremely effective when it comes to removing protozoa like Giardia and Cryptosporidium. This also helps eliminate bacteria like Shigella, Salmonella and Campylobacter. However, as far as viruses and chemicals are concerned, this technology can handle those moderately.
  • Micro-filtration – Devices based on this technology have an approximate pore size of 0.1 micron. These devices can get rid of protozoa like Giardia and Cryptosporidium with high efficiency, and can remove bacteria with moderate efficiency. However, these devices can’t remove viruses or chemicals.
  • Nano-filtration – Devices that are manufactured using this technology usually have pore size of 0.001 micron. These units, too, can remove particles based on their charge, weight and size. When it comes to removing protozoa, this technology is highly effective. It can also remove bacteria like Campylobacter, Shigella and Salmonella with high levels of efficiency. These devices can also remove viruses like Rotavirus, Norovirus, Enteric and Hepatitis A quite effectively. However, this technology is moderately effective when it comes to removing chemicals.

These are the main technologies behind water filtration systems for homes. If you are planning to invest in a home water filtration system, make sure you have the water quality report ready at hand. Based on this report, you can pick up the most effective water filtration unit for your family.